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History and origins
Great Depression and World War II
Drift away from New Left and Great Society
Neoconservatism... originated in the 1970s as a movement of anti-Soviet liberals and social democrats in the tradition of Truman,Kennedy, Johnson, Humphrey and Henry ('Scoop') Jackson, many of whom preferred to call themselves 'paleoliberals.' [After the end of the Cold War]... many 'paleoliberals' drifted back to the Democratic center... Today's neocons are a shrunken remnant of the original broad neocon coalition. Nevertheless, the origins of their ideology on the left are still apparent. The fact that most of the younger neocons were never on the left is irrelevant; they are the intellectual (and, in the case of William Kristol and John Podhoretz, the literal) heirs of older ex-leftists.
For the neoconservatives, religion is an instrument of promoting morality. Religion becomes what Plato called a noble lie. It is a myth which is told to the majority of the society by the philosophical elite in order to ensure social order... In being a kind of secretive elitist approach, Straussianism does resemble Marxism. These ex-Marxists, or in some cases ex-liberal Straussians, could see themselves as a kind of Leninist group, you know, who have this covert vision which they want to use to effect change in history, while concealing parts of it from people incapable of understanding it.
I would guess if we had gone in there, I would still have forces in Baghdad today. We'd be running the country. We would not have been able to get everybody out and bring everybody home....
And the question in my mind is how many additional American casualties is Saddam [Hussein] worth? And the answer is not that damned many. So, I think we got it right, both when we decided to expel him from Kuwait, but also when the president made the decision that we'd achieved our objectives and we were not going to go get bogged down in the problems of trying to take over and govern Iraq.
Administration of George W. Bush
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It took, improbably, the arrival of George Bush in the White House and September 11, 2001, to catapult [neoconservatism] into the public consciousness. When Mr Bush cited its most simplified tenet – that the US should seek to promote liberal democracy around the world – as a key case for invading Iraq, neoconservatism was suddenly everywhere. It was, to its many critics, a unified ideology that justified military adventurism, sanctioned torture and promoted aggressive Zionism.
2008 Presidential election and aftermath
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Among [McCain's advisors] are several prominent neoconservatives, including Robert Kagan... Max Boot... John R. Bolton... [and]Randy Scheunemann.
"It may be too strong a term to say a fight is going on over John McCain's soul", said Lawrence Eagleburger... who is a member of the pragmatist camp... [but he] said, "there is no question that a lot of my far right friends have now decided that since you can’t beat him, let's persuade him to slide over as best we can on these critical issues."Mr. McCain, who is aware of the concerns, told reporters on his campaign plane early this week that he took foreign policy advice from a wide variety of people... Mr. McCain has always promoted his reputation for departing from ideological orthodoxy in both foreign and domestic policy... he talks to realists like... Henry A. Kissinger and... George P. Shultz.
"[i]n many ways, the 2008 election represented a direct repudiation of the neocon style of foreign policy based on military-centred, unilateralist overreaching. At first sight, the incoming Obama administration appears to be the polar opposite of neoconservatism. Its instincts are multilateralist, being committed, for example, to adhering to the Kyoto Protocol and to international agreements like the Geneva Convention. It places a high priority on diplomacy, with President-elect Obama being open to direct talks with long-ignored countries like Iran and Cuba. Defense Secretary Gates, who is remaining in office, has made it clear that he regards military intervention as the genuinely last option. Furthermore, the financial meltdown and the drains of the Iraq and Afghan wars have chipped away at the pre-eminence of US power. It is difficult to argue today that the US enjoys a unipolar advantage. The safest bet, therefore, is that we can bid adieu to the neocons and leave their role to be adjudicated by history. They themselves argue that they form part of the mainstream of American history. It seems more likely that they will come to be seen as an aberration."
Evolution of views
Usage and general views
- "a tendency to see the world in binary good/evil terms
- low tolerance for diplomacy
- readiness to use military force
- emphasis on US unilateral action
- disdain for multilateral organizations
- focus on the Middle East
- an us versus them mentality".
Usage outside the United States
- Japan, see: Neoconservatism in Japan.
- United Kingdom, see British neoconservatism.
- Czech Republic, see Neoconservatism in the Czech Republic.
- Europe, see Neoconservatism in Europe.
Views on foreign policy
The closer you examine it, the clearer it is that neoconservatism, in large part, is simply about enabling the most irredentist elements in Israel and sustaining a permanent war against anyone or any country who disagrees with the Israeli right. That's the conclusion I've been forced to these last few years. And to insist that America adopt exactly the same constant-war-as-survival that Israelis have been slowly forced into... But America is not Israel. And once that distinction is made, much of the neoconservative ideology collapses.
Views on Economics
Distinctions from other conservatives
Criticism of terminology
Neo-conservatism is a term almost exclusively used by the enemies of America's liberation of Iraq. There is no 'neo-conservative' movement in the United States. When there was one, it was made up of former Democrats who embraced the welfare state but supported Ronald Reagan's Cold War policies against the Soviet bloc. Today 'neo-conservatism' identifies those who believe in an aggressive policy against radical Islam and the global terrorists.
a conspiracy theory purporting to explain how [American] foreign policy... has been captured by a sinister and hitherto little-knowncabal. A small band of neoconservative (read, Jewish) defense intellectuals... has taken advantage of 9/11 to put their ideas over on [Bush]... Thus empowered, this neoconservative conspiracy, "a product of the influential Jewish-American faction of the Trotskyist movement of the '30s and '40s" ([Michael] Lind)... has fomented war with Iraq... in the service of Israel's Likud government (Patrick J. Buchanan and [Eric Alterman).
"I do believe that there is a group of people who got involved and had a disproportionate influence on U.S. foreign policy. There were people out there in the Jewish community who saw this as a way to create a benign domino theory and eliminate all of Israel's enemies....I think it represents a really dangerous anachronistic neocolonial sensibility. And I think it is a very, very dangerous form of extremism. I think it's bad for Israel and it's bad for America. And these guys have been getting a free ride. And now these people are backing the notion of a war with Iran and not all of them, but some of them, are doing it because they believe that Iran is an existential threat to Israel."
First, 'neo-conservative' is a codeword for Jewish. As antisemites did with big business moguls in the nineteenth century and Communist leaders in the twentieth, the trick here is to take all those involved in some aspect of public life and single out those who are Jewish. The implication made is that this is a Jewish-led movement conducted not in the interests of all the, in this case, American people, but to the benefit of Jews, and in this case Israel.
…believed that history can be pushed along with the right application of power and will. Leninism was a tragedy in its Bolshevikversion, and it has returned as farce when practiced by the United States. Neoconservatism, as both a political symbol and a body of thought, has evolved into something I can no longer support.
Imperialism and secrecy
Frank neoconservatives like Robert Kaplan and Niall Ferguson recognize that they are proposing imperialism as the alternative to liberal internationalism. Yet both Kaplan and Ferguson also understand that imperialism runs so counter to American's liberal tradition that it must... remain a foreign policy that dare not speak its name... While Ferguson, the Brit, laments that Americans cannot just openly shoulder the white man's burden, Kaplan the American, tells us that "only through stealth and anxious foresight" can the United States continue to pursue the "imperial reality [that] already dominates our foreign policy", but must be disavowed in light of "our anti-imperial traditions, and... the fact that imperialism is delegitimized in public discourse"... The Bush administration, justifying all of its actions by an appeal to "national security", has kept as many of those actions as it can secret and has scorned all limitations to executive power by other branches of government or international law.
Friction with paleoconservatism
Related publications and institutions
- Clash of Civilizations
- Factions in the Republican Party (United States)
- Jewish right
- Liberal Hawk
- Neoconservatism and paleoconservatism
- Neoconservatism in Japan
- Neoliberalism in international relations
- Project for a New American Century
- Plato's Republic
- ^ Polity, 2008 Robinson, Paul. Dictionary of International Security. Polity, 2008. p. 135
- ^ Fiala, Andrew. The Just War Myth. Rowman & Littlefield. 2008. p. 133
- ^ Vaughn, Stephen L. Encyclopedia of American Journalism. CRC Press, 2007 p. 329
- ^ Tanner, Michael. Leviathan on the Right. Cato Institute, 2007. pp 33-34.
- ^ a b Goldberg, Jonah (2003-05-20). "The Neoconservative Invention". National Review. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- ^ Kinsley, Michael (2005-04-17). "The Neocons' Unabashed Reversal". The Washington Post: p. B07. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- ^ Harrington, Michael (Fall 1973). "The Welfare State and Its Neoconservative Critics". Dissent 20. Cited in: Isserman, Maurice (2000). The Other American: the life of Michael Harrington. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 1891620304. "...reprinted as a chapter in Harrington's 1976 book The Twilight of Capitalism, pp. 165-272. Earlier in 1973 he had sketched out some of the same ideas in a brief contribution to a symposium on welfare sponsored byCommentary, "Nixon, the Great Society, and the Future of Social Policy", Commentary 55 (May 1973), p.39"
- ^ Dionne, E.J. (1991). Why Americans Hate Politics. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 55–61. ISBN 0-671-68255-5.
- ^ Marshall, J.M. "Remaking the World: Bush and the Neoconservatives". From Foreign Affairs, November/December 2003. Retrieved on December 1, 2008.
- ^ a b c d Fukuyama, F. (February 19, 2006). After Neoconservatism. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved on: December 1, 2008.
- ^ see "Administration of George W. Bush."
- ^ Kristol, Irving (1999). Neoconservatism: The Autobiography of an Idea. Ivan R. Dee. ISBN 1-56663-228-5.
- ^ Gerson, Mark (Fall 1995). "Norman's Conquest,". Policy Review. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- ^ Pohoretz, Norman (1982-05-02). "The Neoconservative Anguish over Reagan's Foreign Policy". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- ^ Boneau, Denis. "The New York Intellectuals and the invention of neoconservatism". Voltairenet.org. Retrieved 17 May 2009.
- ^ Nuechterlein, James (May 1996). "The End of Neoconservatism". First Things 63: 14–15. Retrieved 2008-03-31. "Neoconservatives differed with traditional conservatives on a number of issues, of which the three most important, in my view, were the New Deal, civil rights, and the nature of the Communist threat... On civil rights, all neocons were enthusiastic supporters of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965 (sic), while the National Review was suspicious of King and opposed to federal legislation forbidding racial discrimination.".
- ^ Gerson, Mark (Fall 1995). "Norman's Conquest,". Policy Review. Retrieved 2008-03-31. "Podhoretz was a liberal in that he supported the New Deal and civil rights".
- ^ "PBS: Thinktank". Retrieved 17 August 2009.
- ^ "PBS: Thinktank". Retrieved 17 August 2009.
- ^ Hanks, Robert (June 1, 2002). "Reclaiming George, Daily Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 17 August 2009.
- ^ Mason, Robert (2004). Richard Nixon and the Quest for a New Majority. UNC Press. pp. 81–88. ISBN 0807829056.
- ^ Lind, Michael (2004-02-23). "A Tragedy of Errors". The Nation. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- ^ The Power of Nightmares, episode 2.
- ^ Mark Gerson: The Neoconservative Vision: From the Cold War to the Culture Wars, pp. 284-85. Madison Books, 1997. ISBN 1-56883-054-5.
- ^ http://www.euronews.net/2009/04/01/argentina-mourns-first-post-junta-president/
- ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1P1-67537838.html
- ^ http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/175524-1 (at about 14:35)
- ^ Bevins, Anthony; Goodwin, Stephen (December 17, 1992). "Thatcher warns of 'Holocaust' risk in Bosnia appeal". The Independent (London). Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- ^ Jaques, Martin (2006-11-16). "America faces a future of managing imperial decline". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Bill Clinton and the Decline of the Military of December 2006 at "Human Events Underground Conservative" website, quotes several former articles, and an ongoing research, claiming that President Clinton had purposefully lowered the US military budget.
- ^ Pope, Charles (2008-09-29). "Cheney changed his view on Iraq". Seattle Post Intelligencer. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- ^ Solarz, Stephen, et al. "Open Letter to the President", February 19, 1998, online at IraqWatch.org. Accessed September 16, 2006.
- ^ Bailey, Ronald (July 1997). "Origin of the Specious". Reason. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- ^ "Bush Begins Nation Building". WCVB TV. 2003-04-16.
- ^ Vernon, Wes (2001-04-07). "China Plane Incident Sparks Re-election Drives of Security-minded Senators". Newsmax. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- ^ Harnden, Toby; Philps, Alan (2001-06-26). "Bush accused of adopting Clinton policy on Israel". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- ^ Baker, Gerard (2007-04-13). "The neocons have been routed". The Times (London). Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- ^ "The President's State of the Union Speech". White House Press Release, Jan. 29, 2002.
- ^ "Bush Speechwriter's Revealing Memoir Is Nerd's Revenge". The New York Observer, Jan. 19, 2003
- ^ "General Condemnation".
- ^ "National Security Strategy of the United States". National Security Council. 2002-09-20.
- ^ "The evolution of the Bush doctrine", in "The war behind closed doors". Frontline, PBS. February 20, 2003.
- ^ "The Bush Doctrine". Think Tank, PBS. July 11, 2002.
- ^ "Assessing the Bush Doctrine", in "The war behind closed doors". Frontline, PBS. February 20, 2003.
- ^ Bumiller, Elisabeth; Larry Rohter (2008-04-10). "2 Camps Trying to Influence McCain on Foreign Policy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- ^ a b "Viewpoint: The end of the neocons?", Jonathan Clarke, British Broadcasting Corporation, January 13, 2009
- ^ Fritz Stern: Five Germanies I Have Known (2006 hc), p.72
- ^ Isaiah Berlin, "Two Concepts of Liberty," in The Proper Study of Mankind: An Anthology of Essays (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000), 241.
- ^ Kristol, Irving. "American conservatism 1945-1995". Public Interest, Fall 1995.
- ^ http://www.e-ir.info/?p=1394
- ^ Muravchik, Joshua (2006-11-19). "Can the Neocons Get Their Groove Back?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-11-19.
- ^ Kristol, What Is a Neoconservative? 87
- ^ Podhoretz, 275.
- ^ Chernus, chapter 1.
- ^ Steinfels, 69.
- ^ Klein, Joe "McCain's Foreign Policy Frustration" TIME magazine, July 23, 2008
- ^ Andrew Sullivan,"A False Premise", Sullivan's Daily Dish, February 5, 2009.
- ^ Joshua Muravchik: The Past, Present, and Future of Neoconservatism Commentary October 2007.
- ^ Irving Kristol: The Neoconservative Persuasion. Weekly Standard, August 25th, 2003http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/003/000tzmlw.asp?page=2
- ^ Murray, p. 40
- ^ Stelzer, p. 198
- ^ William Coleman: Heroes or Heroics? Neoconservatism, Capitalism, and Bourgeois Ethics. Social Affairs Unit.http://www.socialaffairsunit.org.uk/blog/archives/000553.php
- ^ Neoconservatism: Why we Need it (Douglas Murray)
- ^ Harsanyi, David (2002-08-13). "Beware the Neocons". FrontPage Magazine. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- ^ Lieber, Robert J. (2003-04-29). "The Left's Neocon Conspiracy Theory". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- ^ Jeffrey Goldberg: Joe Klein on Neoconservatives and Iran The Atlantic blog, July 29, 2008.
- ^ Brooks, David (2004). Irwin Stelzer, ed.. ed. The NeoCon Reader. Grove. ISBN 0-8021-4193-5.
- ^ Rubin, Barry (2003-04-06 accessdate=2008-03-31). "Letter from Washington". h-antisemitism.
- ^ Kinsley, Michael (2005-04-17). "The Neocons' Unabashed Reversal". The Washington Post: p. B07. Retrieved 2006-12-25. Kinsley quotes Rich Lowry, whom he describes as "a conservative of the non-neo variety", as criticizing the neoconservatives "messianic vision" and "excessive optimism"; Kinsley contrasts the present-day neoconservative foreign policy to earlier neoconservative Jeane Kirkpatrick's "tough-minded pragmatism".
- ^ Martin Jacques, "The neocon revolution", The Guardian, March 31, 2005. Accessed online December 25, 2006. (Cited for "unilateralism".)
- ^ Rodrigue Tremblay, "The Neo-Conservative Agenda: Humanism vs. Imperialism", presented at the Conference at the American Humanist Association annual meeting Las Vegas, May 9, 2004. Accessed online 25 December 2006 on the site of the Mouvement laïque québécois.
- ^ CNN: Putin accuses U.S. of orchestrating Georgian war, September 12, 2008
- ^ CNN: Bolivian president calls for ouster of U.S. ambassador, September 12, 2008
- ^ CNN: Venezuela to expel US ambassador over coup plot, September 12, 2008
- ^ TIME: U.S. Ambassador Patrick Duddy given 72 hours to leave Venezuela, September 12, 2008
- ^ McGowan, J. (2007). "Neoconservatism". American Liberalism: An Interpretation for Our Time. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 124–133. ISBN 0-807-83171-9.
- ^ Dickinson, Tim (2007-06-20). "The Secret Campaign of President Bush's Administration To Deny Global Warming". Current Biology (Rolling Stone). Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- ^ Tolson 2003.
- Auster, Lawrence. "Buchanan's White Whale", FrontPageMag, March 19, 2004. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Joyce Battle, ed. "Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein: The U.S. Tilts toward Iraq, 1980-1984", National Security Archive, Electronic Briefing Book No. 82, February 25, 2003. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Buchanan, Patrick J.. "Whose War", The American Conservative, March 24, 2003. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Bush, George W., Gerhard Schroeder, et al., "Transcript: Bush, Schroeder Roundtable With German Professionals", The Washington Post, February 23, 2005. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Chernus, Ira. Monsters To Destroy: The Neoconservative War on Terror and Sin, Boulder: Paradigm, 2006. ISBN 1-59451-276-0.
- Dean, John. Worse Than Watergate: The Secret Presidency of George W. Bush, Little, Brown, 2004. ISBN 0-316-00023-X (hardback). Critical account of neo-conservatism in the administration of George W. Bush.
- Frum, David. "Unpatriotic Conservatives", National Review, April 7, 2003. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Gerson, Mark, ed. The Essential Neo-Conservative Reader, Perseus, 1997. ISBN 0-201-15488-9 (paperback), ISBN 0-201-47968-0(hardback).
- Gerson, Mark. "Norman's Conquest: A Commentary on the Podhoretz Legacy", Policy Review, Fall 1995, Number 74. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Gray, John. Black Mass, Allen Lane, 2007. ISBN 978-0-7139-9915-0.
- Hanson, Jim The Decline of the American Empire, Praeger, 1993. ISBN 0-275-94480-8.
- Halper, Stefan and Jonathan Clarke. America Alone: The Neo-Conservatives and the Global Order, Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-521-83834-7.
- Kagan, Robert, et al., Present Dangers: Crisis and Opportunity in American Foreign and Defense Policy. Encounter Books, 2000. ISBN 1-893554-16-3.
- Kristol, Irving. Neo-Conservatism: The Autobiography of an Idea: Selected Essays 1949-1995, New York: The Free Press, 1995. ISBN 0-02-874021-1 (10). ISBN 978-0-02-874021-8 (13). (Hardcover ed.) Reprinted as Neoconservatism: The Autobiography of an Idea, New York: Ivan R. Dee, 1999. ISBN 1-56663-228-5 (10). (Paperback ed.)
- —. "What Is a Neoconservative?", Newsweek, January 19, 1976.
- Lara Amat y León, Joan y Antón Mellón, Joan, “Las persuasiones neoconservadoras: F. Fukuyama, S. P. Huntington, W. Kristol y R. Kagan”, en Máiz, Ramón (comp.), Teorías políticas contemporáneas, (2ªed.rev. y ampl.) Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 2009. ISBN 978-84-9876-463-5.Ficha del libro
- Lara Amat y León, Joan, “Cosmopolitismo y anticosmoplitismo en el neoconservadurismo: Fukuyama y Huntington”, en Nuñez, Paloma y Espinosa, Javier (eds.), Filosofía y política en el siglo XXI. Europa y el nuevo orden cosmopolita, Akal, Madrid, 2009. ISBN 978-84-460-2875-8. Ficha del libro
- Lasn, Kalle. "Why won't anyone say they are Jewish?", Adbusters, March/April 2004. Accessed online September 16, 2006.
- Lindberg, Tom. "Neoconservatism's Liberal Legacy", Policy Review, 127 (2004): 3-22.
- Mann, James. Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet, Viking, 2004. ISBN 0-670-03299-9 (cloth).
- Manuel, Sam. "Jew-hatred, red-baiting: heart of claims of 'neocon' conspiracy", The Militant (U.S.), June 28, 2004. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Mascolo, Georg. ""A Leaderless, Directionless Superpower: interview with Ex-Powell aide Wilkerson", Spiegel Online, December 6, 2005. Accessed 16 September 2006.
- Muravchik, Joshua. "Renegades", Commentary, October 1, 2002. Bibliographical information is available online, the article itself is not.
- Muravchik, Joshua. "The Neoconservative Cabal", Commentary, September, 2003. Bibliographical information is available online, the article itself is not.
- Prueher, Joseph. U.S. apology to China over spy plane incident, April 11, 2001. Reproduced on sinomania.com. Accessed online 16 September 2006.
- Podoretz, Norman. The Norman Podhoretz Reader. New York: Free Press, 2004. ISBN 0-7432-3661-0.
- Roucaute Yves. Le Neoconservatisme est un humanisme. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2005.ISBN 2-13-055016-9.
- Roucaute Yves. La Puissance de la Liberté. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2004.ISBN 2-13-054293-X.
- Ruppert, Michael C.. Crossing the Rubicon: The Decline of the American Empire at the End of the Age of Oil, New Society, 2004. ISBN 0-86571-540-8.
- Ryn, Claes G., America the Virtuous: The Crisis of Democracy and the Quest for Empire, Transaction, 2003. ISBN 0-7658-0219-8 (cloth).
- Stelzer, Irwin, ed. Neoconservatism, Atlantic Books, 2004.
- Smith, Grant F. Deadly Dogma: How Neoconservatives Broke the Law to Deceive America. ISBN 0-9764437-4-0.
- Solarz, Stephen, et al. "Open Letter to the President", February 19, 1998, online at IraqWatch.org. Accessed September 16, 2006.
- Steinfels, Peter. The Neoconservatives: The Men Who Are Changing America's Politics, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979. ISBN 0-671-22665-7.
- Strauss, Leo. Natural Right and History, University of Chicago Press, 1999. ISBN 0-226-77694-8.
- Strauss, Leo. The Rebirth of Classical Political Rationalism, University of Chicago Press, 1989. ISBN 0-226-77715-4.
- Tolson, Jay. "The New American Empire?", U.S. News and World Report, January 13, 2003. Accessed online September 16, 2006.
- Wilson, Joseph. The Politics of Truth. Carroll & Graf, 2004. ISBN 0-7867-1378-X.
- Woodward, Bob. Plan of Attack, Simon and Schuster, 2004. ISBN 0-7432-5547-X.
- Raimondo, Justin. Reclaiming the American Right:The Lost Legacy of the Conservative Movement, Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2008.ISBN 1-933859-60-1.
|This article's further reading may not follow Wikipedia's content policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive, less relevant or many publications with the same point of view; or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (December 2009)|
- Dorrien, Gary. The Neoconservative Mind. ISBN 1-56639-019-2
- Ehrman, John. The Rise of Neoconservatism: Intellectual and Foreign Affairs 1945—1994, Yale University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-300-06870-0.
- Friedman, Murray. The Neoconservative Revolution: Jewish Intellectuals and the Shaping of Public Policy. Cambridge University Press, 2006.ISBN 0-521-54501-3.
- Heilbrunn, Jacob. They Knew They Were Right: The Rise of the Neocons, Doubleday (January 15, 2008) ISBN 0-385-51181-7
- Murray, Douglas. Neoconservatism: Why We Need It. ISBN 1-59403-147-9.
- Smith, Grant F., ed. Neocon Middle East Policy: The 'Clean Break' Plan Damage Assessment. ISBN 0-9764437-3-2.
- Fischel, Jack R. "The Rise of Neoconservatism", (book review).
- Heilbrunn, Jacob. "5 Myths About Those Nefarious Neocons", The Washington Post, February 10, 2008.
- Lind, Michael. "How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington", Salon, April 9, 2003.
- "Neocon 101", Christian Science Monitor.
- Ross, Benjamin. "Who Named the Neocons?", Dissent, Summer 2007.
- Boot, Max. "What the Heck Is a 'Neocon'?". An attempt to deny, in contrast to Kristol, the existence of neoconservatism.
- List of prominent neoconservatives, Sourcewatch.org.
- "Neoconservatism: Key Figures",The Christian Science Monitor.
- Steigerwald, Bill. "So, what is a 'neocon'?"
- Stelzer, Irwin. "Nailing the neocon myth".
- Selden, Zachary , "Neoconservatives and the American Mainstream". Selden is director of the Defence and Security Committee of theNATO Parliamentary Assembly.
Explanations of ideas
- Kristol, Irving. "The Neoconservative Persuasion".
- "Q&A: Neocon power examined", The Christian Science Monitor. Max Boot discusses the extent of neoconservative influence.
- Fukuyama,,Francis. "After Neoconservatism". Archived copy of original New York Times article. Also available in .pdf
- "Neocons Put on a Surge-Stravaganza", CommonDreams.org News Center, September 8, 2007.
- Peak, Alexander S. "Conservative Socialism", LewRockwell.com. Libertarian critique of neoconservatism, likening it to socialism. Also available in .pdf
- RightWeb, International Relations Center. Critical analysis and biographies of neoconservatives.
- Buchanan, Patrick J. "Nation or Notion?" buchanan.org, October 4, 2006.
- Gottfried, Paul. "What's In A Name? The Curious Case Of 'Neoconservative'" Vdare.com, April 30, 2003.
- Gottfried, Paul. "Conservatives, Neoconservatives, Paleoconservatives: What Next?" Vdare.com April 12, 2007.
- Gottfried, Paul. "Strauss & the Straussians" Humanitas, Vol. 18, Nos 1-2, 2005.
- Grigg, William Norman. "Neoconservative fascism", LewRockwell.com, May 4, 2007. A paleolibertarian critique of neoconservatism.
- Ryn, Claes G. Strauss & History. Humanitas, Vol. 18, Nos 1-2, 2005.
- "Why do NeoCons hate France?" Conservative Times, April 20, 2007.
- Zmirak, J.P., "America the Abstraction" The American Conservative, January 13, 2003.
Leo Strauss and Trotskyism
- Balint, Benjamin. "Review of The Truth About Leo Strauss"
- Ben Jelloun, Mohammed. "Wilsonian Or Straussian Post-Cold War Idealism?", Swans.com. A postcolonial-Nietzschean view)
- "Confronting Neoconservatism", Logos, Spring 2004. Several articles on neoconservatism.
- Drury, Shadia. "Leo Strauss and the neoconservatives", Evatt Foundation, September 11, 2004. Claims Strauss inspired the neocon movement.
- Eden, Ami. "Now it's Trotsky's fault?", The Forward. Skeptical look at the existence of a Trotskyist-Neoconservative link.
- King, Bill. "Neoconservatives and Trotskyism" Challenges the view that there is a relation between the neocons and Trotskyism.
- Raimondo, Justin. "Trotsky, Strauss, and the Neocons", Antiwar.com, June 13, 2003. Alleges neoconservatism is a conspiracy inspired by Leo Strauss and Max Shachtman.
- Zmik, J. P. "America the Abstraction" an analysis of the Trotskyite connections to the origins of neoconservativism, from a paleoconservative viewpoint.
- Raimondo, Justin. "The Imperial Delusion", Antiwar.com, 2006.
- Ross, Ben. "George Bush's Philosophers" Left-liberal account of neoconservatism's origins.
- Wald, Alan. "Debate with Michael Lind on neoconservatism and Trotskyism", History News Network.
- Gorin, Julia. "Blame It on Neo", OpinionJournal, September 23, 2004. "Just because we call ourselves 'neocons', it doesn't mean you can."
- Lobe, Jim. "Attacking Neo-Cons From the Right". Review of America Alone: The Neo-Conservatives and the Global Order, a critique by two center-right authors.